Skip to main content
What is DiabetesWhat is Diabetes?

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes Defined

Diabetes is a condition that causes a person’s blood sugar to be higher than normal. Watch this video to understand how the body processes carbohydrates and breaks them down into sugars and how the pancreas normally makes insulin to be able to absorb those sugars and how this differs in people with diabetes.

Types of Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes

This is the most common form of diabetes. People with type 2 diabetes have insulin resistance, which means their body does not use insulin properly. Insulin is a hormone that helps keep blood sugar levels controlled. Because insulin does not work properly, blood sugar levels rise above normal.

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes

This was once known as “juvenile diabetes,” but it was later discovered that this form of diabetes can occur at any age. In people with type 1 diabetes, the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas stop making insulin. Without insulin, blood sugars cannot enter the body’s cells, and therefore, insulin must be taken to live.

Prediabetes

Prediabetes

Prediabetes

This is a condition in which blood sugar levels are high but not high enough to be considered diabetes. These high blood sugar levels are caused by insulin resistance. Without making lifestyle changes, such as eating a balanced diet and exercising, prediabetes is likely to progress to type 2 diabetes.

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational Prediabetes

This is a condition of high blood sugar levels discovered during pregnancy. Pregnancy hormones cause insulin resistance to occur in women with gestational diabetes (GDM). In most cases, the diabetes goes away after birth. However, half of women with GDM will go on to develop type 2 diabetes years later.1

Tips for Managing Diabetes

Make your own jams, sauces, and marinades

Substitute Splenda sweeteners for sugar in your favorite foods like our Triple Berry Jam recipe.

Swap sugar-sweetened beverages

Try drinks sweetened with Splenda sweeteners like Southern Iced Tea and Mint Lemonade.

Use food labels

Understand the number of carbohydrates and calories in foods and beverages, then identify any sweet swaps you can make to decrease sources of added sugars.

Incorporate Splenda Sweeteners in snacks and desserts

Make homemade Splenda snack or dessert recipes, like these 4-Ingredient Peanut Butter Cookies.

Get moving!

To achieve the recommended 150 minutes2 of activity each week try walking, gardening, dancing, or something else you find enjoyable.

1 CDC. (2021, August 10). Gestational Diabetes. Retrieved from: https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/basics/gestational.html#:~:text=Your%20blood%20sugar%20levels%20will,to%20develop%20type%202%20diabetes. 2 CDC. (2020, Oct 7). How much physical activity do adults need? Retrieved from: https://www.cdc.gov/physicalactivity/basics/adults/index.htm